1. Strait of Istanbul
Istanbul is one of the most impressive places in the world. The Bosphorus, separating the two continents, presents the most beautiful views of the city and makes the travelers admire with its texture.
One of the most enjoyable and easy ways to visit the Bosphorus is to participate in Bosphorus Tours organized from various points of the city. Ortakoy, Eminonu or Uskudar tours usually take 1-2 hours. GPS-based automatic information about the structures around you while making the tour.
2. Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace, which was built between 1460-1478 on an area of 700,000 square meters in Sarayburnu, was used as the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire for 4 centuries. Nested consisting of 4 palace courtyard, brought into the museum first opened to the public in the Republic of Turkey in 1924.
The most interesting parts of the magnificent building, which houses a 300,000-piece collection, are the Divan-i Humayun, the Baghdad Pavilion, the Harem and the Sacred Relics.
The Hagia Sophia Museum, which is of great importance for the Christians as much as the Muslim world, took its present form in architectural terms between 532-537 when it was built by Justinian I for the third time.
Following its completion, the religious structure, which was the largest cathedral in the world for 1,000 years, was converted into a mosque immediately after the conquest of Istanbul by adding Islamic elements. In addition to its magnificent architecture, Hagia Sophia, which is the center of attention with its tombs in its garden, was turned into a museum with the works carried out between 1930-1935 in line with Atatürk’s request.
4. Sultan Ahmet Mosque
Sultan Ahmet Mosque, also known as Cami Blue Mosque because of the color of 22,000 tiles decorating its interior, was built by Architect Ahmet Sedefkar Mehmet Aga between 1609-1616.
The most important feature of the building is that Istanbul is the only mosque with 6 minarets. The mighty mosque rising directly across the Hagia Sophia, the madrasah section is used as an archives of the Prime Ministry today, including schools, bazaars, darüşşifa, imaret and tomb is located in a large complex.
Especially during the month of Ramadan, the festivities established around the mosque add a different atmosphere to the region. If you have a chance, see Sultanahmet and its surroundings during Ramadan.
5. Grand Bazaar
One of the 20 most valuable places to visit in Istanbul is the Grand Bazaar, which is a favorite of both history and shopping enthusiasts.
The bazaar, which dates back to the Byzantine Empire, began to be expanded during the reign of Fatih. There are thousands of shops on the streets that lie within the market place, which consists of two big bazaars called Sandal and Cevahir.
The shops in these streets, which took their names from professional groups operating in the past, sell many things including delicious delights, expertly processed wood products, interesting decorations and healing herbal teas.
6. Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahçe Palace, which is the most important building that shed light on the last periods of the empire, was built in 1856 under the supervision of the popular architect Garabet Balyan and his son by the order of Sultan Abdülmecid.
The historical structure, which is loyal to the traditional “Turkish House” architecture in its design, has traces of Rococo, Baroque and Neo-Classical approaches. The palace, which was used as the administrative center of the empire until 1984, was turned into a museum in 1924.
Mabeyn, Harem and Muâyede Hall are the most interesting parts of the palace, especially the room where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died.
7. İstanbul Archaeological Museums
Founded in 1869 with the establishment of the Imperial Museum, the archaeological museums of Istanbul, which consist of three parts, Archeology, Ancient Oriental Artifacts and Tiled Kiosk, were laid.
You can visit the museum which contains more than 1 million artifacts and get detailed information about many civilizations established in different periods in a wide geography from North Africa to Balkans, Central Asia and Near East.
8. Galata Tower
Galata Tower, one of the oldest of its kind in the world, was first built in 528 by the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius Oilosuz.
After the catastrophes, the tower underwent radical revision processes in different periods. Mahmut was given in time.
Since it was introduced to tourism in 1967, the 70-meter-high building, which is indispensable for travelers’ Istanbul to-do lists, has a terrace with a view of the city and a restaurant serving delicious food to its guests.
9. Maiden’s Tower
Historical sources for the first time BC. Maiden’s Tower, mentioned in 410, was built by Alkibiades of Athens. After the completion of the tower used for centuries to control the ship’s traffic in the Bosphorus, close to the land, but isolated from the city has been the subject of many legends over time.
The building, which was opened to the public after extensive renovation works between 1995-2000, now serves as a museum and restaurant. You can reach the tower by riding small boats departing from Salacak.
10. Rumeli Fortress
Rumeli Hisarı, which was known by many different names in the past, was started to be built on 15 April 1452 by Fatih’s order in order to ensure the safety of the Bosphorus before conquest. The completion date of the military structure covering 30 acres of land is not known exactly.
The most important parts of the fortress where 300 craftsmen and 750 workers are employed for the construction are the towers mentioned by the names of the pashas who inspect them during the construction works.