Lisbon, which was enriched by the port trade activities that started in the early periods of its history and reflects the economic power it has gained to its architecture, offers travelers both a fun and a culturally full holiday opportunity.
Castelo Hill, Lisbon, BC. In the 2nd century, it is seen from where the foundations were laid. In fact, as a result of archaeological studies carried out in the last century, it was determined that Iberians lived together with Celts in the periods before this date.
From its first appearance on the stage of history, the city has developed an economic understanding that emphasizes maritime trade with the Phoenicians. This situation is seen as the first steps of the power that will bring the country to an overseas empire level in the following centuries.
The city remained under the sovereignty of Carthage for many years. During the Punic Wars in 202, he dominated the Roman rule with the rest of Spain.
Developed in the architectural field during the years under the yoke of the empire and strengthened its commercial relations, Lisbon was conquered in 711 by Muslim armies from North Africa. In the 12th century, the Viking raiders were attacked by Afonso I.
II. During the Second World War, the city was freed from being damaged due to its neutral attitude and thanks to the renovation works carried out in the 1990s, the city gained the appearance of cultural and historical richness.
Population, Language & Society
Nearly 3 million individuals live in the Portuguese capital. The majority of the city’s population is Catholic. However, if you go to the parts of the old city of Olissipo where minorities like Alfama live, you can see communities who have adopted different belief systems and speak different languages.
In the city where the mother tongue is Portuguese, you can easily speak to the local people by speaking English.
Where to Stay in Lisbon Hotel Recommendations
You don’t have to spend much time choosing accommodation in Lisbon, which in a way resembles Istanbul because it has a small face and is built on the hills. Because in the city from 5-star luxury hotels to affordable pensions and accommodation to meet every budget and personal expectations are operating facilities.
The location of the transportation network at the intersection and the proximity to the places to visit are the biggest advantages provided by travelers to the city center. If you wish, you can easily reach the place you want to visit by taking a nostalgic ride on a tram or experiencing the colorful daily life of the city while wearing casual shoes and walking the streets.
If you’re looking for affordable accommodation in the historic part of Lisbon, along with Bairro Alto and Alfama, you can choose between the 2-star Hotel ibis Lisboa Jose Malhoa or the modern 3-star Hotel Gat Rossio, which offers panoramic views of the city.
The 4-star HF Fenix Urban is also a favorite among travelers visiting the city. If you prefer to stay in top-quality hotels in the city you are traveling to, you can include the 5-star Eurostars Das Letras.
Places to Visit in Lisbon
Lisbon’s economic power gained centuries ago, today with its architectural accumulation makes its guests feel. As a reflection of this situation in every point of the city’s historical center; romanesque, gothic, manuelin, baroque, modern and post-modern style built side by side you can see the structures.
When it comes to architectural wealth, Belém Region comes to mind first. Belém Tower and Jeróminos Monastery, built in the 16th century in memory of Vasco de Gama, are the most famous buildings in the region.
If you feel that your energy is low after visiting two historic buildings that blend Gothic and Renaissance styles, I suggest you turn to Belém Patisserie, which has been in operation since 1837. The Sea of Discoveries Memorial is the memory of the most important period of Portugal.
Those who are looking for the ideal place to enjoy the breathtaking view of the ocean and the city are usually at São Jorge Castle. After leaving, you can go down a bit to see Alfama, Lisbon’s oldest neighborhood.
After the earthquake disaster of 1755, you can end the Trade Square, which is located in the center of the reconstruction work, as your next stop after the historical settlement.
After spending time in the square to observe daily life and take photos, you can cross the 25th April Bridge to the other side of the city or head to Baixa to see the San Justa Elevator.
Gulbenkian Museum is the ideal place for those who want to have an idea about the artistic accumulation in Lisbon. The rich collection of cultural facilities consists of ancient and modern works of art. We recommend you to spend some time at the Berardo Museum to explore the similar collection.
The Lisbon Ocean Aquarium, on the other hand, conveys the richness of the marine life in the region to curious travelers through its demonstrations appealing to different senses.
What to do in Lisbon?
Lisbon actually reflects the typical structure of the port cities to its guests. In other words, lively daily life, colorful entertainment and extraordinary objects that will enchant the shopping enthusiasts, which are the source of interaction with many different cultures, make the Portuguese capital one of the most interesting attractions in Europe.
From this point, I have prepared the following list of activities for you.
To listen to traditional Portuguese music, you can watch 40-minute shows at the Cine Theatro Gymnasium. If you are planning a holiday that focuses on cultural activities, you can also add events on the calendar of Centro Cultural de Belém and Culturgest to your itinerary.
If you are bored of standard activities and want to enjoy the beautiful weather, you can have a picnic in Jardim Botanico. The garden of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, one of the most respected cultural institutes in Europe, has a very peaceful atmosphere.
At the LX Factory, you can take your seat for dinner in a restaurant where comfort is at the forefront. The former industrial area, which was abandoned until recently, has become one of Lisbon’s most popular attractions today.
If you are a shopping enthusiast, you can stroll through popular streets and flea markets to find “vintage” items. I will tell you more about the shopping opportunities in the city in the following sections of the Lisbon travel guide.
If you feel that you are running low on energy while visiting historical sites and attractions, you can stop by the Belém Patisserie to freshen up. Pastel de Nata, a special pastry with deep-rooted patisserie, puff pastry and cream, has become popular with travelers.
Food and Drink in Lisbon
Perhaps the most limited of the subjects I have included in the Lisbon travel guide is food and drink. However, this does not mean that you will not find delicious food in the city. Because the recipes made from fresh seafood come to the forefront in Lisbon, befitting a port city. Rice and potatoes are more common in the classic flavors of Portugal.
In the city, stew-style dishes contain either red meat or fish. Bacalhau is the most famous of these dishes. Another popular flavor is Brás à bacalhau, with fried potatoes, onions and scrambled eggs. If you like to consume melted cheese and delicatessen products, you will like Francesinha‘s.
After the meal, you can try the pastel pie Pastel de Nata to taste your mouth. Bola de Berlim, which is a kind of ring dessert, is filled with egg yolk and covered with cream and sugar.
Nightlife in Lisbon
I would like to tell you a little about the city’s rich nightlife in the Lisbon travel guide. Because the understanding that dominated the Mediterranean Basin was easily accepted here, and with the influence of foreign communities, the city became rich in terms of entertainment opportunities.
If you want to start the evening with an enjoyable and affordable meal, you can go to Mercado de Ribeira. There are 35 different restaurants in the dining area of the market.
For a better atmosphere, you can choose Ramiro or Alma, which stands out with seafood. If you’re interested in taverns, you’ll find several options in Bairro Alto.
If you intend to dance and dance to the rhythm of music after eating; Places like Music Box, Majong da Lisbon and Lux are waiting for you.
Of course, while coming to Lisbon without listening to Fado, I think. If you think like me; You can choose from Mesa de Frades, Adega Machado, Bela and Clobe de Fado.
Throughout the Lisbon travel guide article, I tried to share as much detailed information as I could, from shopping to transportation, accommodation to places to visit. If you have something to say that you should add the following information to your Lisbon travel guide article, share it with us as a comment.