Its architecture, music and culinary culture are just a few of the factors that make Vienna popular in terms of tourism. In order to recognize the other values that make the city a unique holiday destination, it is necessary to visit museums that shed light on its history and participate in festivals which are the mirrors of its cultural richness. The way to do all this is to learn about the possibilities of the city. You can get to know the city in all aspects and spend a pleasant holiday with my Vienna travel guide.
History of Vienna
Let’s start with our Vienna travel guide by providing information about the history of the city. The first settlements in the area where the Austrian capital is today are BC. Founded in 500 by Celts.
B.C. In 15, the Romans, who dominated the region, strengthened the settlement which the German tribes in the north called Vindobona against the attacks with their defensive structures.
As a result of the appointment of Leopold I of the Babenberg Dynasty to the settlement on the eastern border of Bavaria in 976, the counties of Vienna and Austria began to rise. Count II. This was formalized when Henry moved the throne from Klosterneuburg in Lower Austria to Vienna in 1145.
With the arrival of the Habsburg Dynasty in 1440, Vienna grew and eventually became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. In this process, the city became the center of the empire in terms of art, science, music and culinary culture.
Surrounded by the Hungarians in 1485 and 1490, the city had to defend itself against the Ottomans in the 16th and 17th centuries. Even before the second siege, the city lost one third of the population due to the epidemic.
Vienna was declared the capital of the Austrian Empire at the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars, and was able to maintain its position after the unification with Hungary in 1867.
4 years after the civil war in 1934, the city became increasingly under the control of Nazi and lost both the entire Jewish population and the title of capital.
In 1945, the American, British, French and Soviet armies as a result of the joint effort of the Nazi occupation of the city, the freedom of the agreement was signed in 1955 declared.
Places to Visit in Vienna
Another important topic in our Vienna travel guide is the places to visit. Vienna, which has more than two thousand years of history, conveys information about its historical and cultural accumulation to its guests through its buildings, many of which were built during the Habsburg dynasty. Schönbrunn Palace is one of the most famous buildings of this type.
The Hofburg Palace, which attracts great interest from travelers such as the Austrian National Library, the Spanish Riding School, the Sisi Museum and the Imperial Silverware Collection, is another spectacular complex to take on your sightseeing list.
If you are interested in architecture, you can include the interesting looking Hundertwasser House, the impressive Vienna City Hall and the Belvedere Palace, whose garden is considered one of the most beautiful in Europe.
Of course, the buildings revealing the historical and artistic richness of the city are not only palaces. If you go to the Museumsquartier, which gives Vienna the title of the city of museums, you can understand what I mean more easily.
Other cultural facilities outside the region include the Museum of Art History, opened in 1891 by the Austrian-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I, and the Museum of Natural History, where the Archaeological Finds of Hallstatt and the Venus of Willendorf are on display.
In order to enjoy the unique view of the city, I recommend you to go to the south tower of St. Stefan Cathedral or Donauturm which is 252 meters high.
What to do in Vienna?
Thanks to its cultural richness, Vienna gives its guests the freedom to carry out numerous activities. Of course, this situation can confuse people who will go to the city for the first time. If you can’t decide which activity to start with when you go to Vienna, you can follow this order:
Visit the palaces that reflect the splendor of the city.
Check out the unique collections in museums.
Visit the churches that enrich the urban fabric with its architecture.
Take a walk through the beautiful streets of Vienna.
Watch live performances at the National Opera House.
Taste Viennese specialties.
Enjoy views of the city from Donauturm or St. Stefan’s Cathedral
Watch the demonstrations of Lipizzaner horses at the Spanish Riding School.
Go to Prater Park for fun.